What are Communication Disorders?
Kinesiology can be defined as the study of the movement of the body. Kinesiology encompasses studying many different topics, including but not limited to: physical activity, health and wellness, sports science, nutrition, and sport and exercise psychology. This field of study offers many career options due to its interdisciplinary history. Scholars who are passionate about science, are enthusiastic about fitness, and find enjoyment in helping others are encouraged to consider this field. Scholars interested in a career within kinesiology have multiple levels of education that they can pursue to earn various degrees based on their career goals. At the undergraduate level, scholars can choose between the BA, a degree that offers a greater emphasis on liberal arts, or the BS, a more in-depth approach to science topics. Students who aspire to work in a clinical, healthcare, or rehabilitation setting may find the BS most optimal.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics anticipates substantial job growth in fields related to kinesiology over the next several years. Many of the career options in this field require advanced degrees from the graduate or professional school level—specialization paths may vary. For example, specialization in the field of sports and exercise psychology would lead a student to a graduate school program for a Master or Doctorate program, compared to a physical therapy specialization leading to the pursuit of a doctorate in physical therapy. Masters programs often require two years to complete. The coursework required to earn a Master’s degree will be interdisciplinary similar to the Bachelor's; however, the specialization will highlight a concentration based on the specific major. The type of Doctorate earned is based upon what role the professional would like to pursue. The Ph.D. is the path best fit for scholars who want to conduct research and stay within academia, whereas professional school is more attractive for practitioners who aspire to work in the field more hands-on.
Certifications and licensure are encouraged, and at times required in order to practice and grow within the field. Choosing what certification or license to earn will be determined based on what specialization was chosen and laws within each state. Below you can find resources that provide additional information on some of the popular career options that kinesiology majors pursue after completing their undergraduate degree.
American Kinesiology Association – https://www.americankinesiology.org/
What is Audiology?
Audiology was born out of the armed forces rehabilitation programs during and following World War II. Academics from disciplines such as deaf education, speech pathology, psychology, and other scientific backgrounds invented the early testing, auditory training, and amplification protocols needed to meet the needs of thousands of WWII veterans with hearing loss. These events, combined with the concurrent development of the equipment necessary to evaluate hearing, formed the early seeds of the profession we know today as audiology.
Since the 1950s, audiology has evolved from a combination of disciplines (mostly within the domain of speech pathology) to an independent profession consisting of approximately 12,000 audiologists in the US. Today's audiology profession is defined by:
a desire for autonomous practice
doctoral-level academic training programs
the formation of an independent credentialing entity
a greatly expanded scope of practice
legislation to allow direct patient access to audiologists
Audiology has been largely influenced by the inclusion of hearing aid dispensing in the scope of practice. Originally, audiologists could recommend amplification, but could not dispense. In the early days of the profession, academic societies questioned the ethics of audiology practitioners who chose to combine hearing evaluation and hearing aid dispensing in their practices. The Academy of Doctors of Audiology was formed in 1976 as the Academy of Dispensing Audiologists to support those early pioneers who both recommended and fit hearing aids. The result was that audiologists moved beyond technician status; practices expanded to include both diagnosis and treatment.
The additional revenue provided by hearing aid sales resulted in more opportunities for independent practice. The trend continues to this day with more and more audiologists seeking autonomous professional status.
What is a Speech-Language Pathologist?
A personal trainer is an individual who has earned a certification demonstrating a level of competency for creating safe and effective exercise programs, catered specifically to an individual. Personal trainers work one-on-one with a client to develop and implement a fitness regimen that helps them lose weight, get stronger, improve physical performance, or maintain their health--based upon their personal goals, skill level, and health needs.
Kinesiology is the study of the movement of the body. A good personal trainer is someone that knows how to get the body to transform. With that, the trainer has to have an understanding of basic kinesiology principles to get the best results and to help reduce the risk of injury. Without this general knowledge of kinesiology principles, a trainer would not be able to do their job effectively.